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India Info
India (Hindi: भारत Bharat; see also other languages), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारतीय गणराज्य Bharatiya Ganarajya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the largest democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometers (4,671 mi). It borders Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. The disputed Northern Areas of Jammu and Kashmir claimed by India and currently administered by Pakistan shares a small border with Afghanistan to the extreme northwest. Sri Lanka, Maldives, and Indonesia are in India's vicinity in Indian Ocean.

Home to the Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated here, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century, India became a modern nation state in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by widespread nonviolent resistance.

India is the world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange rates and the third largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms have transformed it into the second fastest growing large economy; however, it still suffers from high levels of poverty, illiteracy, and malnutrition. As a pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, India is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.
भारतीय गणराज्य*
Bharatiya Ganarajya
Republic of India
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
सत्यमेव जयते  (Devanagari)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"
Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people
National Song
Vande Mataram
I bow to thee, Mother
Capital New Delhi
Largest city Mumbai
Official Languages: Hindi, English
Scheduled Languages: 8th Schedule:
Demonym Indian


- Prime Minister
- President

Federal republic
Parliamentary democracy

  Manmohan Singh
  Pratibha Patil
- Declared
- Republic
from British colonial rule
  15 August 1947
  26 January 1950
- Total
- Water (%)
  3,287,590‡ km² (7th)
  1,269,346 sq mi
- Water (%) 9.56
- 2007 estimate
- 2001 census
- Density
  1.12 billion
  329/km² (31st)
852/sq mi
- Total
- Per capita
2007 estimate
  $ 2.965 trillion
  $ 2700 (165th)
GDP (nominal)
- Total
- Per capita
2007 estimate
  $ 1.089 trillion (12th)
  $ 977 (132nd)
Gini (2004)
HDI (2007)
0.619 (medium) (128th)
Indian rupee  (INR)
Time zone
- Summer (DST)
IST (UTC+5:30)
  not observed (UTC+5:30)
Internet TLD
Calling code
India by Sea
India has over 5000 kilometers of coastline.
12 Major Ports are operational currently and several smaller
  ports are in the process of being developed by the
  government through private sector participation.
Many international terminal operators are showing keen
  interest to develop the port infrastructure in India.
Several private terminals are already operational. Notable
  among them are NSICT (JNPT), Pipavav (near Kandla), Mundra.
  click on map to enlarge
India by Rail & Road
ICD’s are connected with major ports by road and by rail handled by Container Corporation of India [CONCOR],
  a fully government owned enterprise that offers rail freight logistics facilities all over the country.
Recent legislation allowing private participation in the Rail Transportation Sector has see several new players
  coming into this sector.
Rail Transportation Sector in India is set for a spiralling growth with the private sector infusing fresh funds and
  professional service oriented attitude to this sector.
The Indian Government has undertaken several road infrastructure development projects with ambitious
  projects to link the four major metors – Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai – also known as the Golden
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